The plant is native to and widely grown throughout the forests of Africa ( Angola, Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central Africa, Chad, Democratic Republic of Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, South Africa, Sudan, The Gambia, Togo and Uganda) and Asia ( Malaysia, Sri Lanka and SE Asia).
Some of the popular names of the plant are African Peach, Pin Cushion Tree, Guinea Peach, Sierra Leone Peach, Negro Peach, Bishop's Head, Angatu, Chipoka, Dhiot, Ebolo, Goat, Gongan, Gounge, Karmadodah, Kwomo, Logotomic and Miaar to name a few.
Guinea Peach is a spreading, evergreen, multi-stemmed deciduous shrub or small tree with an open canopy. The tree varies widely in height from around 10 to 30 meters according to soil and moisture conditions. The bark is dark grey, fibrous, and cracked. The flower is sweet-scented and sought by bees. The tree flowers from April to June. The fruits are not appealing but edible. The seeds are usually tiny, ovoid, numerous and brownish with a pleasant taste but could be emetic if taken in excess. The fruits ripen from July to September.
The flower of the Guinea Peach plant can be consumed raw or cooked and consumed as a vegetable. The fruit is compound, red or pinkish and round with tiny seeds. It is said to resemble a strawberry in taste and texture. The pulp is deep red, watery, sweet, and tastes like a ripe apple. In Sudan, ripe fruits are eaten, and soft drinks are prepared from these fruits, while over-ripe fruits are sometimes dried and powdered and used as a base for soft drinks.
The Guinea Peach is a valuable medicinal plant widespread in the humid tropical rainforest zone or the savannah woodlands. The edible fruit is gathered from the wild and is often sold in local markets.
Traditionally, the plant has been reported as antimalarial, antibacterial and antiviral.
The Guinea Peach stem, bark, leaves and roots are used to treat various medical conditions such as -
Always seek advice from a doctor before using a plant as a medicine.
Other uses of this plant are -
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